Biographies

BIOGRAPHIES OF PERSONS MENTIONED IN MICHAEL FISCHBACH’S BOOKS

1.  Black Power and Palestine: Transnational Countries of Color

Abergil, Robert “Re’uven.” B. 1942, Rabat, Morocco. Immigrated to Israel in 1948. Leading figure among the Israeli Black Panthers.

Abernathy, Ralph. B. 1926, Linden, Alabama. Baptist minister. Co-founder, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Close friend of Martin Luther King, Jr.; assumed presidency of SCLC upon King’s assassination in 1968.

Ali, Muhammad (born as Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr.). B. 1942, Louisville, Kentucky. Olympic boxing champion in 1960. World heavyweight boxing champion in 1964. Joined the Nation of Islam and was a friend of Malcolm X.

Allen, Austin. B. 1950. Raised in Columbus, Ohio. The Black Panther circulation manager.

Arafat, Yasir (born Muhammad Yasir Abd al-Rahman Abd al-Ra’uf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husayni). B. 1929, Cairo, Egypt. Chair of al-Fateh since its inception in the 1950s. Chair of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) beginning in 1969. Most significant Palestinian politician of the second half of the twentieth century.

Bailey, Herman “Kofi.” B. 1931, Chicago. Artist whose cartoons were featured in the June-July 1967 issue of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) publication, SNCC Newsletter.

Balagoon, Kuwasi (born as Donald Weems). B. 1946, Lakeland, Maryland. Member of the Black Panther Party, the Black Liberation Army, and the New Afrikan Freedom Fighters.

Baldwin, James. B. 1924, New York. Major twentieth-century American writer.

Baraka, Imamu Amiri (born as LeRoi Everett Jones). B. 1934, Newark, New Jersey. Poet, writer, political activist. Leading figure in the Black Arts Movement.

Biton, Shalom “Charlie.” B. 1947, Casablanca, Morocco. Immigrated to Israel in 1949. Leading figure among the Israeli Black Panthers.

Boutelle, Paul (later known as Kwame Montsho Ajamu Somburu). B. 1934, New York. Activist in Malcolm X’s Organization of Afro-American Unity and the Socialist Workers Party. Founded the Committee of Black Americans for Truth in the Middle East in 1970.

Brown, Elaine. B. 1943, Philadelphia. Black Panther Party minister of information, 1973-74; party chair, 1974-77.

Brown, H. Rap. B. 1943, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Chair of SNCC in 1967 and major Black Power figure.

Carmichael, Stokely (later known as Kwame Ture). B. 1941, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad. Chair of SNCC, 1966-67 and major Black Power figure.

Chisholm, Shirley. B. 1924, Brooklyn, New York. First black woman elected to the United States House of Representatives. Co-founder of the Congressional Black Caucus. First African-American to run for president on the ticket of a major American political party.

Cleaver, Eldridge. B. 1935, Wabbaseka, Arkansas. Author, militant, minister of information for the Black Panther Party, and major Black Power figure.

Cleaver, Kathleen (born as Kathleen Neal). B. 1945, Dallas. SNCC staff member. Black Panther Party communications secretary and spokesperson.

Cobb, Jr., Charles. B. 1943, Washington, D.C. SNCC staff member and co-founder of Drum and Spear Press.

Cox, Courtland. B. 1941, New York. One of the founders of SNCC and co-founder of Drum and Spear Press.

Cox, Donald “D.C.” B. 1936, Appleton, Missouri. Black Panther Party field marshal.

Cruse, Harold. B. 1916, Petersburg, Virginia. Black writer and leading figure in the Black Arts Movement.

Davis, Angela. B. 1944, Birmingham, Alabama. Academic and member of the Communist Party USA.

Douglas, Emory. B. 1943, Grand Rapids, Michigan. Artist and Black Panther Party minister of culture.

Du Bois, David Graham. B. 1925, Seattle. Journalist, editor of The Black Panther from 1972-75. Son of Shirley Graham Du Bois and step-son of W.E.B. Du Bois.

Du Bois, Shirley Graham (born as Lola Shirley Graham). B. 1896, (some sources say 1907), Evansville, Indiana. Musician, playwright, author, and co-founder of Freedomways.

Edmonds, Karen (later known as Karen Spellman). B. 1943, San Antonio, Texas. Staff member in SNCC’s research department in 1967.

Farmer, James. B. 1920, Marshall, Texas. National director of Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), 1942-66.

al-Fattal, Randa Khalidi (born as Randa Khalidi). B. 1935, Beirut, Lebanon. Lebanese-Palestinian scholar. Worked for the Arab League’s Arab Information Office in New York.

Fauntroy, Walter. B. 1933, Washington, D.C. Baptist minister. Chair of the SCLC. Founding member of the Congressional Black Caucus. Delegate to the House of Representatives for the District of Columbia, 1971-90.

Featherstone, Ralph. B. 1939, Washington, D.C. SNCC program secretary in 1967.

Forman, James. B. 1928, Chicago. SNCC executive secretary, 1961-66. Head of SNCC’s international affairs commission, 1967-69.

Forrester, Anne. B. 1941, Philadelphia. Co-founder of Drum and Spear Press and State Department associate of U.S. Ambassador to the UN Andrew Young.

Fuller, Hoyt. B. 1923, Atlanta. Writer, editor of Negro Digest/Black World, and leading figure in the Black Arts Movement.

Gilbert, David. B. 1944, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Member of Students for a Democratic Society, the Weather Underground, and an associate of the New Afrikan Freedom Fighters.

Hewitt, Raymond “Masai.” B. 1941, Los Angeles. Black Panther Party minister of education.

Hightower, Charles. B. ca. 1940, Chicago. Staff member of the American Committee on Africa.

Hilliard, David. B. 1942, Rockville, Alabama. Black Panther Party chief-of-staff.

Houser, George. B. 1916, Ohio. Co-founder of CORE. Co-founder of the American Committee on Africa and its long-time executive director beginning in 1955.

Hutchings, Phil. B. 1942, Cleveland. SNCC chair, 1968-69.

Innis, Roy. B. 1934, St. Croix, United States Virgin Islands. CORE national chair, 1968-2017.

Jelinek, Donald. B. 1934, New York. Lawyer working with SNCC.

Kalbian, Vicken. B. 1925, Jerusalem, Palestine. Armenian physician in East Jerusalem who treated Martin Luther King, Jr. and his wife Coretta in 1959.

Khaled, Leila. B. 1944, Haifa, Palestine. Militant and hijacker with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.

Kies, Naomi. B. 1942, Bronx, New York. Civil rights activist, sociologist. Immigrated to Israel in 1967 and served as an adviser to the Israeli Black Panthers.

King, Jr., Martin Luther. B. 1929, Atlanta. Baptist minister. Co-founder and president of the SCLC. Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, 1964. Major figure in the Civil Rights movement.

Kochiyama, Yuri (born as Mary Yuriko Nakahara). B. 1921, San Pedro, California. Activist who worked with Malcolm X and others in the black freedom struggle.

Lawson, James R. B. 1918, Macon, Georgia. Founder, United African Nationalist Union in 1948. Head of the Harlem Council for Economic Development.

Lee, Don (later known as Haki R. Madhubuti). B. 1942, Little Rock, Arkansas. Poet, important figure in the Black Arts Movement.

Levison, Stanley. B. 1912, New York. Businessman, lawyer, and advisor to Martin Luther King, Jr.

Lowery, Joseph. B. 1921, Huntsville, Alabama. Methodist minister. Co-founder of the SCLC; SCLC president, 1977-97.

Malcolm X (born as Malcolm Little). B. 1925, Omaha, Nebraska. Spokesperson for the Nation of Islam. Founder of the Organization of Afro-American Unity. Major figure in the Black Power movement.

Marciano, Sa`adiya. B. 1950, Oujda, Morocco. Immigrated to Israel in 1950. Leading figure among the Israeli Black Panthers.

Matthews, Connie (born as Connie Smith). B. 1943, Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica. Black Panther Party international coordinator.

McKissick, Floyd B. B. 1922, Asheville, North Carolina. CORE national chair, 1966-68.

Medvecky, Jr., Nicholas. B. 1942, Providence, Rhode Island. Political and Civil Rights activist. Student journalist at Wayne State University starting in 1968.

Minnis, Jack. B. 1926, Blackwell, Oklahoma. Staff researcher for SNCC.

Minor, Ethel. B. 1938, Chicago. Friend of Malcolm X and SNCC’s communications director in 1967.

Moore, Douglas. B. 1928, Hickory, North Carolina. Methodist minister and activist with the SCLC, SNCC, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Moore, Richard (later known as Dhoruba bin Wahad). B. 1945, New York. Black Panther Party representative to the PLO office in New York.

Moore, Robert. B. 1944, Baltimore. Staff member in SNCC’s research department in 1967.

Muhammad, Elijah (born as Elijah Poole). B. 1897, Sandersville, Georgia. Prophet and leader of the Nation of Islam.

Nasser, Gamal Abdel. B. 1918, Alexandria, Egypt. President of Egypt, 1956-70. Preeminent leader in the Arab world during the 1950s and 1960s.

Neal, Lawrence. B. 1937, Atlanta. Black writer and leading figure in the Black Arts Movement.

Nesbitt, Prexy (born as Rozell William Nesbitt). B. 1944, Chicago. Chicago office director for the American Committee on Africa.

Newton, Huey. B. 1942, Monroe, Louisiana. Co-founder and minister of defense of the Black Panther Party.

O’Dell, Jack (born as Hunter Pitts O’Dell). B. 1923, Detroit. Union activist. Member of the Communist Party USA. Advisor to Martin Luther King, Jr. International affairs director for Operation PUSH.

Odinga, Sekou (born as Nathaniel Burns). B. 1944, Queens, New York. Member of the Organization for Afro-American Unity, the Black Panther Party, the Black Liberation Army, and the New Afrikan Freedom Fighters.

Peretz, Martin. B. 1938, New York. Academic and Harvard professor. Major organizer of the National Conference for New Politics, 1967.

Randolph, A. Philip. B. 1889, Crescent City, Florida. Socialist labor organizer. Head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters union. Head of the March on Washington in August 1963.

Rustin, Bayard. B. 1912, West Chester, Pennsylvania. Pacifist and Civil Rights activist. Helped establish CORE. Formed Blacks Americans to Support Israel Committee, 1975.

Seale, Bobby. B. 1936, Dallas. Co-founder and chair of the Black Panther Party.

Sellers, Cleveland. B. 1944, Denmark, South Carolina. Program director for SNCC.

Shakur, Zayd Malik (born as James F. Coston). B. 1940. Also known as Dedane Olugbala, Shakur was a member of the Black Panther Party and the Black Liberation Army. Killed by New Jersey State Police in 1973.

Shemesh, Kokhavi. B. 1944, Baghdad, Iraq. Immigrated to Israel in 1950. Leading figure among the Israeli Black Panthers.

Stanford, Jr., Maxwell C. (later known as Muhammad Ahmad). B. 1941, Philadelphia. Member of the Revolutionary Action Movement.

Stevens, Richard P. B. 1931, New Castle, Pennsylvania. Historian and board member of the American Committee on Africa.

Terzi, Zehdi Labib. B. 1924, Jerusalem, Palestine. Permanent Observer (later, Ambassador) of the PLO to the UN, 1974-91.

Touré, Askia Muhammad (born as Roland Snellings). B. 1938, Raleigh, North Carolina. Writer, poet, and militant with SNCC and the Revolutionary Action Movement.

Ussery, Wilfred T. B. 1928. San Francisco-based activist who served as CORE’s national chair 1968-69.

Van Lierop, Robert F. B. 1939, New York. Lawyer and official in the American Committee on Africa and the Committee of Black Americans for Truth in the Middle East.

Walker, Wyatt Tee. B. 1929, Brockton, Massachusetts. Baptist minister. Chief-of-staff to Martin Luther King, Jr. Executive director of SCLC, 1960-64.

Watson, John (born as Kenneth John Watson). B. 1944. Detroit-area activist and underground newspaper editor.

Weiss, Peter. B. 1925, Vienna, Austria. President of the American Committee on Africa. Member of the governing council of the American Jewish Congress.

Wilkins, Roy. B. 1901, St. Louis. NAACP executive secretary 1955-77.

Winston, Harry. B. 1911, Mississippi. Longtime member of the Communist Party USA and party chairman beginning in 1966.

Wise, Stanley. B. 1942, Charlotte, North Carolina. SNCC executive secretary in 1967.

Young, Andrew. B. 1932, New Orleans. SCLC executive director from 1964-68. United States congressional representative, 1973-77. First black United States ambassador to the UN, 1977-79.

Young, Whitney. B. 1921, Shelby County, Kentucky. Executive director for CORE, 1961-71.

2. The Movement and the Middle East: How the Arab-Israeli Conflict Divided the American Left

Abd al-Hadi, Isam. B. 1928, Nablus, Palestine. Helped form the General Union of Palestinian Women. Deported from the West Bank by Israeli occupation forces in 1968. Member, Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) central committee. Attended international women’s conference, Mexico City, 1975.

Aber, Joel. B. 1943. Member of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) at Penn State. Member of Young Socialist Alliance (YSA), Socialist Workers Party (SWP).

Abzug, Bella (born as Bella Savitsky). B. 1920, New York. Lawyer and feminist. Co-founder, Women Strike for Peace. Member of U.S. House of Representatives. Attended international women’s conference, Mexico City 1975 and Copenhagen, 1980.

Albert, Stew. B. 1939, Brooklyn, New York. Berkeley, California radical. Member of the Yippies.

Aptheker, Herbert. B. 1915, Brooklyn, New York. Communist Party USA (CPUSA) journalist and theoretician.

Arafat, Yasir (born as Muhammad Yasir Abd al-Rahman Abd al-Ra’uf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husayni). B. 1929, Cairo, Egypt. Chair of al-Fateh since its inception in the 1950s. Chair of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) beginning in 1969. Most significant Palestinian politician of the second half of the twentieth century.

Arguëllo, Patricio José (“Patrick”). B. 1943, San Francisco. Nicaraguan-American who joined the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Spanish acronym, FSLN) and was killed while helping the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine hijack an airliner in September 1970.

Arnoni, M.S. (born as Menachem Samuel Arnoni). B. 1922, Łódź, Poland. Holocaust survivor who moved to Israel and then the United States. Edited The Minority of One. Returned to Israel in 1969.

Avakian, Robert. B. 1943, Washington. Activist in SDS at Berkeley. Involved with Bay Area Revolutionary Union/Revolutionary Union. Leader of the Revolutionary Communist Party USA

Avnery, Uri (born as Helmut Ostermann). B. 1923, Beckum, Germany. Moved to Palestine in 1933. Co-owner of Haolam Hazeh magazine. Peace activist and member of the Israeli Knesset (parliament). Toured the U.S. in 1970.

Axel, Dave (also known as Dave Axelrod). B. 1938. Member of Youth Against War and Fascism, Workers World Party (WWP). Leader in the Spring Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam.

Ayers, William C. B. 1944, Oak Park, Illinois. Activist in SDS at Michigan. National officer in SDS. Member of the Weather Underground Organization (WUO).

Beal, Frances M. B. 1940, Binghamton, New York. Worked with National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Leader in SNCC’s Black Women’s Liberation Committee and the Third World Women’s Alliance.

Beeber, Miriam (“Mimi”). B. ca. 1950. George Washington University student visiting Israel in 1970 whose flight home was hijacked by members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.

Beinin, Irving. B. 1919. Writer for National Guardian. 

Beinin, Joel. B. 1948, Philadelphia. Member of Hashomer Hatzair as a youth. Became involved in SIAH (Israeli New Left) while living in Israel in the early 1970s. Nephew of Irving Beinin.

Bergman, Leibel. B. 1915, Grand Forks, North Dakota. Member of CPUSA, Progressive Labor Party. Helped form the Revolutionary Union. Met with Palestinians in Algeria, 1969. Helped form the Palestine Solidarity Committee in San Francisco, 1970.

Berrigan, Daniel. B. 1921, Virginia, Minnesota. Roman Catholic priest, member of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), anti-war activist. Helped form Clergy and Laity Concerned About Vietnam. One of the Catonsville Nine.

Bick, Barbara. B. 1925, Washington, D.C. Activist in Women Strike for Peace.

Blankfort, Jeffrey. B. 1934, New York. Photographer who worked in Lebanon and Jordan from 1970-71.

Block, Diana. B. 1949, New York. Member of the New York Radical Feminists. Founder, San Francisco Women Against Rape. Leader in Prairie Fire Organizing Committee.

Bober, Arieh. B. 1940, Haifa, Palestine. Member and spokesperson of Matzpen. Toured the U.S. in 1970.

Buch, Peter. B. 1934, Germany. Helped form YSA. Member of the SWP.

Cantarow, Ellen. B. 1940. Journalist for The Village Voice.

Cantor, Aviva. B. 1940, Bronx, New York. Feminist, Zionist activist. Co-founder of the Jewish Liberation Project and Lilith magazine.

Cavalletto, George. B. 1938, San Louis Obispo, California. Journalist. Co-founded Liberation News Service, Palestine Solidarity Committee.

Chertoff, Mordecai S. B. 1922, New York. Worked for the American Histadrut Cultural Exchange Institute and the World Zionist Organization.

Chomsky, Noam (born as Avram Noam Chomsky). B. 1928, Philadelphia. Leftist academic and anti-war activist. Helped form Committee for New Alternatives in the Middle East (CONAME).

Dahlberg, Roy. B. 1944. SDS activist in the San Francisco area. Member, SDS national interim committee.

Davis, Uriel “Uri.” B. 1943, Jerusalem, Palestine. Israeli pacifist. Toured the U.S. in 1970.

Decter, Midge. B. 1927, St. Paul. Neoconservative editor and writer. Associated with YIPME. Wife of Norman Podhoretz.

Dellinger, Dave. B. 1915, Wakefield, Massachusetts. Helped form the Spring Mobilization to End the War in Vietnam and co-led the October 1967 march on the Pentagon. Chaired the Fifth Avenue Vietnam Peace Parade Committee. Worked with War Resisters League. One of the Chicago Seven.

Denitch, Bogdan. B. 1929, Sofia, Bulgaria to Yugoslavian/Serbian parents. Member of the Socialist Party of America (SPA).

Dickstein, Howard L. B. 1944. Lawyer and member of the NLG.

Dohrn, Bernardine (born as Bernardine Rae Ohrnstein). B. 1942, Chicago. Lawyer. SDS national officer. Leading figure in the WUO.

Draper, Hal (born as Harold Dubinsky). B. 1914, Brooklyn. Marxist theoretician associated with the International Socialists.

Dworkin, Andrea. B. 1946, Camden, New Jersey. Feminist writer.

Eanet, Susan. B. 1947. Member of SDS and staff writer for New Left Notes.

Evans, Leslie. B. 1942, New York. SWP member and writer for The Militant.

Farjoun, Emmanuel Dror (also known as Emmanuel Dror). B. 1944, Haifa, Palestine. Involved with Matzpen. Involved in the organization of CONAME while a graduate student at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Feldman, Bob. B. 1949, Bronx, New York. SDS member at Columbia University.

Fineman, Davida. B. 1943, Los Angeles. Member of Revolutionary Union and the Palestine Solidarity Committee in San Francisco in the early 1970s. Traveled to Algeria and Jordan in 1969.

Freed, Rita. B. ca. 1943. Founding member of Youth Against War and Fascism. Member, WWP. Secretary, Committee to Support Middle East Liberation.

Friedan, Betty (born as Bettye Naomi Goldstein). B. 1921, Peoria, Illinois. Feminist. Co-founder of National Organization of Women. Attended international women’s conference, Mexico City, 1975.

Gershman, Carl. B. 1943, New York. Worked for the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith. Leader in the Young People’s Socialist League (YPSL). Executive director of the SDUSA. Head of Youth Committee for Peace and Democracy in the Middle East (YCPDME), Youth Institute for Peace in the Middle East (YIPME).

Gilbert, David. B. 1944, Cambridge, Massachusetts. SDS member at Columbia University. Member of the Weather Underground.

Glazer, Nathan. B. 1923, New York. Sociologist and co-editor of The Public Interest.

Gottler, Janet M. B. 1953, Boston. Involved in civil rights, anti-war, and feminist activities.

Griswold, Deirdre. B. 1936, Delaware. Leader in Youth Against War and Fascism. Member of WWP. Editor of Workers World. Step-daughter of WWP co-founder Vincent Copeland. Wife of anti-war activist Andy Stapp.

Guerrero, Gene (born as Joaquin Eugene Guerrero, Jr.). B. 1943, Houston, Texas. Chaired the Southern Student Organization Committee. Helped establish The Great Speckled Bird. Traveled to Middle East as part of group tour in 1970.

Gumbo, Judy (born as Judith Clavir). B. 1943, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Member of the Yippies.

Hall, Gus (born as Arvo Kustaa Halberg). B. 1910, Cherry, Minnesota. Secretary-general of the CPUSA.

Halstead, Fred. B. 1927, Los Angeles. Leader in the SWP and the party’s presidential candidate in 1968. Leading member of the Fifth Avenue Peace Parade Committee, the Spring Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, and the New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam.

Harap, Louis. B. 1904, New York. Marxist journalist, managing editor of Jewish Currents.

Harrington, Michael. B. 1928, St. Louis. Chair of the SPA in 1968. Founder of Democratic Socialist Organizing Committee in 1973. Chair of Democratic Socialists of America starting in 1982.

Helou, Jihan. B. 1943, Haifa, Palestine. Chair, General Union of Palestinian Women’s external relations committee. Attended international women’s conference, Mexico City, 1975 and Copenhagen, 1980.

Hochman, Larry. B. 1929, Detroit. Academic. Wrote a pamphlet on Zionism for SDS’s Radical Education Project.

Hoffman, Abbot (“Abbie”). B. 1936, Worcester, Massachusetts. SNCC field secretary. Co-founder of the Yippies. One of the Chicago Seven.

Horowitz, David. B. 1939, Forest Hills, New York. Editor at Ramparts.

Horowitz, Gus. B. 1941, Connecticut. Member of YSA and SWP. Founding national co-coordinator of the Student Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam.

Howe, Irving (born as Irving Horenstein). B. 1920, Bronx, New York. Academic, socialist. Co-founder of Dissent. Helped form Democratic Socialist Organizing Committee.

Huberman, Leo. B. 1903, Newark, New Jersey. Founding co-editor of Monthly Review.

Jabara, Abdeen M. B. 1940, Mancelona, Michigan. Lebanese-American lawyer and activist. Member of the National Lawyers Guild. Helped found the Association of Arab-American University Graduates, Palestine Human Rights Campaign.

Jacobs, Paul. B. 1918, New York. Left-wing journalist. Co-chair, Ad Hoc Liberation of Palestine and Israel Committee. Helped establish Mother Jones.

Jaffe, Naomi. B. 1943, Monticello, New York. Member of SDS at the New School for Social Research. Member of WUO.

Kased, Ali. B. 1942, Ayn Yabrud, Palestine. Active with YAWF in New York.

Kemble, Richard “Penn.” B. 1941, Worcester, Massachusetts. Member, YPSL. Director, Norman Thomas Fund. Co-chair, YCPDME. Co-founder, SDUSA.

Kennedy, Robert F. B. 1925, Brookline, Massachusetts. United States senator from New York. Democratic presidential candidate, 1968.

Khaled, Leila. B. 1944, Haifa, Palestine. Palestinian refugee who joined the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Became the first woman to hijack an airplane in August 1969. Helped hijack a second one in September 1970. Attended international women’s conference, Copenhagen, 1980.

Kies, Naomi. B. 1942, Bronx, New York. Civil rights activist, sociologist. Immigrated to Israel in 1967 and served as an adviser to the Israeli Black Panthers.

King, Jr., Martin Luther. B. 1929, Atlanta. Baptist minister. Co-founder and president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, 1964.

Klonsky, Michael. B. 1943, Los Angeles. Member of SDS at San Fernando State College. National officer in SDS. Leading figure in the October League and, later, the Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist).

Krassner, Paul. B. 1932, Brooklyn, New York. Publisher of The Realist starting in 1958. Involved with the Yippies.

Krebs, Sharon. B. 1937. Helped establish the Free University of New York. Involved with the Yippies.

Kurshan, Nancy. B. 1944, Brooklyn, New York. Involved with the Yippies.

Lafferty, James. B. 1938, Detroit. Prominent “draft lawyer” in the 1960s. Helped found and lead National Peace Action Coalition.

Langston, Berta (born Berta Green). B. 1926, New York. SWP member. Early member of CONAME.

Langston, Robert. B. 1933. SWP member. Staff writer for The Militant. Early member of CONAME.

Lee, Eric. B. 1955, New York. Member of YPSL. Staff member at Democratic Socialist Organizing Committee. Immigrated to Israel in 1981.

Lerner, Michael P. B. 1943, Newark, New Jersey. Chair of SDS at Berkeley. Co-founded Committee for a Progressive Middle East at Berkeley.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. B. 1922, New York. Academic teaching at Harvard.

Loeb, Paul Rogat. B. 1952, Berkeley, California. Journalist writing for Liberation.

Lumer, Hyman. B. 1909, New York. CPUSA journalist and official.

Machtinger, Howard. B. 1946, Bronx, New York. Member of SDS at University of Chicago. Worked at SDS national office. Joined WUO.

Mann, Eric. B. 1942, Brooklyn, New York. Worked with Congress of Racial Equality. Member of the Weatherman faction of SDS.

Marqusee, Mike. B. 1953, New York. Anti-war activist while in high school. Moved to Britain in 1971.

Mattison, Georgia. B. 1944, Wichita, Kansas. Peace Corps veteran, traveled to Middle East as part of group tour in 1970.

McCarthy, Eugene. B. 1916, Watkins, Minnesota. United States senator from Minnesota. Democratic presidential candidate, 1968 and 1972.

McGovern, George. B. 1922, Avon, South Dakota. United States senator from South Dakota. Democratic presidential candidate, 1968 and 1972.

McReynolds, David. B. 1929, Los Angeles. Pacifist; worked for Liberation and the War Resisters League. Member of the SPA and, later, the Socialist Party USA.

Medvecky, Jr., Nicholas. B. 1942, Providence, Rhode Island. Political, civil rights, anti-war activist. Member, SWP. Student journalist at Wayne State University, worked on The South End. Freelance reporter for Liberation News Service. Traveled to Middle East as part of group tour in 1970.

Milstein, Tom. B. ca. 1943. Active in the League for Industrial Democracy, YPSL, and SDUSA.

Mirkinson, Judith. B. 1950, New York. Involved with SDS, December 4th Movement, Committee to Defend the Panther 21. Helped found Prairie Fire Organizing Committee and Women Against Imperialism.

Muravchik, Joshua. B. 1947, New York. YPSL national chair, 1867-73. Co-chair, YCPDME.

Novick, Paul (born as Pesah Novick). B. 1891, Brest-Litovsk, Russia (now Belarus). CPUSA journalist and official. Editor of Morgen Freiheit. Expelled from the party in 1973.

Obenzinger, Hilton. B. 1947, Brooklyn, New York. Student activist at Columbia.

Peretz, Martin. B. 1938, New York. Academic; taught at Harvard. Major shareholder in Ramparts. Later became owner of The New Republic.

Petran, Tabitha McKeehan. B. 1911, Mexico. Left-wing writer and associate editor for the National Guardian.

Plamandon, Lawrence (“Pun”). B. 1945, Traverse City, Michigan. Co-founder and minister of defense for the White Panther Party.

Podhoretz, Norman. B. 1930, Brooklyn. Neoconservative writer and editor-in-chief of Commentary starting in 1960.  Husband of Midge Decter.

Pogrebin, Letty Cottin. B. 1939, Queens, New York. Feminist. Co-founder of Ms. magazine in 1971. Attended international women’s conference, Mexico City, 1975 and Copenhagen, 1980.

Porter, Jack Nusan (born as Nusia Jakub Puchtik). B. 1944, Rivne, Ukraine. SDS member. Formed the Jewish Student Movement at Northwestern University.

Pran, Peter C. B. 1935, Oslo, Norway. President, SDS chapter at Illinois Institute of Technology.

Price, Wayne. B. 1946, New York. Member of SDS at Queens College. Involved with Independent Socialist Club of New York and, later, the Independent Socialists.

Raskin, Jonah. B. 1942, New York. Academic. Involved with SDS and the Yippies.

Resnick, Sid. B. 1922, Bronx, New York. CPUSA member.

Retherford, James. B. 1941, Tipton County, Iowa. Member of SDS at Indiana University. Involved with the Yippies.

Rose, Sharon. B. 1942, Los Angeles. Activist. Traveled to Middle East as part of group tour in 1970. Executive director of Jews for Urban Justice. Helped establish Middle East Research and Information Project (MERIP) in 1971.

Rosenberg, Michael Jay (“M.J.”). B. 1947, Brooklyn, New York. Established Am Yisrael at State University of New York at Albany.

Ross, Bob. B. 1943, Bronx, New York. Student at University of Michigan. One of the founders of SDS. First head of the New University Conference.

Rothschild, Jon. B. ca. 1940. YSA, SWP member.

Rubin, Barry. B. 1950, Washington. Member of SDS at Georgetown University. Foreign editor for The Guardian. Involved with MERIP.

Rubin, Mortimer “Daniel.” B. 1931, Philadelphia. Top official in the CPUSA.

Rubin, Jerry. B. 1938, Cincinnati, Ohio. Berkeley, California radical. Co-founder of the Yippies. One of the Chicago Seven.

Rudd, Mark. B. 1947, Irvington, New Jersey. SDS leader at Columbia University. National SDS officer. Member of the Weather Underground.

Rustin, Bayard. B. 1912, West Chester, Pennsylvania. Pacifist and Civil Rights activist. Helped establish CORE. Formed Blacks Americans to Support Israel Committee, 1975.

Ryan, Sheila P. B. 1945, Oxnard, California. Member of SDS. Journalist with Liberation News Service. Helped form Palestine Solidarity Committee.

Savio, Mario. B. 1942, Queens, New York. Leading figure in the Free Speech Movement at Berkeley. Co-founder of Committee for a Progressive Middle East at Berkeley.

Sayigh, May. B. 1940, Gaza, Palestine. General-Secretary, General Union of Palestinian Women. High ranking member of al-Fateh. Attended international women’s conference, Copenhagen, 1980.

Schachtman, Max. B. 1904, Warsaw, Russia (now Poland). Socialist intellectual involved with the CPUSA, SWP, and later, the SPA.

Schappes, Morris (born as born Moishe ben Haim Shapshilevich). B. 1907, Kamianets-Podilskyi, Russia (now Ukraine). Marxist journalist, editor of Jewish Currents. Member, CPUSA.

Schleifer, Abdallah (born as Marc Schleifer). B. 1935, Forest Hills, New York. Journalist and television correspondent living in the Middle East.

Siegel, Dan. B. 1945, Bronx, New York. SDS leader at Berkeley. Co-founder of the New American Movement.

Siegel, Ellen. B. 1942, Baltimore. Nurse who co-founded People’s Free Medical Clinic in Baltimore. Traveled to the Middle East in 1972 and 1980, and later volunteered in Sabra refugee camp in Beirut in 1982.

Sinclair, John. B. 1941, Flint, Michigan. Journalist. Manager of MC5 rock group. Co-founder of the White Panther Party.

Solomonov, Allan. B. 1937, Omaha, Nebraska. Involved with Jewish Peace Fellowship, War Resisters League, CONAME, Fellowship of Reconciliation, Middle East Peace Project.

Spiegel, Michael. B. 1946, Portland, Oregon. SDS national secretary. Activist in WUO.

Stapp, Andy. B. 1944, Philadelphia. Anti-war activist. Formed American Servicemen’s Union while in the army. Member of WWP. Husband of WWP activist Deirdre Griswold.

Stavis, Morton (born as Moishe Isaac Stavisky). B. 1915, New York. Lawyer and one of the founders of the NLG and the Center for Constitutional Rights.

Stein, Annie (born Annie Steckler). B. 1913, New York. CPUSA member, associated with WUO. Mother of Eleanor Stein Raskin, activist in SDS and WUO.

Stone, I.F. (born as Isidore Feinstein). B. 1907, Philadelphia. Left-wing journalist. Editor of I.F. Stone’s Weekly.

Stork, Joe. B. 1943, Brooklyn, New York. Peace Corps veteran, traveled to Middle East as part of group tour in 1970. Helped establish MERIP.

Suall, Irwin. B. 1925, New York. SPA national secretary. Anti-Defamation League’s national director for fact finding beginning in 1967. Board member, YIPME.

Sweezy, Paul M. B. 1910, New York. Founding co-editor of Monthly Review.

Teller, Susan. B. 1942, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Peace Corps veteran, traveled to Middle East as part of group tour in 1970.

Townes, Jean Whilden. B. 1941, Philadelphia. Peace Corps veteran, traveled to Middle East as part of group tour in 1970.

Tucker, Judith. B. 1947, Hartford, Connecticut. SDS member at Harvard University’s Radcliffe College. Studied at The American University of Beirut.

Twersky, David. B. 1950, Bronx, New York. Head of Network. Member of the Radical Zionist Alliance.

Wagner, Donald E. B. 1942, Medina, New York. Presbyterian minister. National director, Palestine Human Rights Campaign.

Walzer, Michael. B. 1935, Bronx, New York. Academic, taught at Harvard.

Waskow, Arthur O. (born as Arthur I. Waskow). B. 1933, Baltimore. Academic,  anti-war activist, pioneer in the Jewish Renewal Movement. Involved with Jews for Urban Justice. Co-chaired the Ad Hoc Liberation of Palestine and Israel Committee.

Watson, John (born as Kenneth John Watson). B. 1944. Detroit-area activist and journalist. Editor of The South End.

Weiss, Peter. B. 1938, Vienna, Austria. Member of the governing council of the American Jewish Congress. Was active in the Foreign Policy Council of New York Democrats.

Whitehorn, Laura. B. 1945, Brooklyn, New York.  Feminist and activist in SDS, WUO, Prairie Fire Organizing Committee, May 19 Communist Organization, and the Armed Resistance Unit.

Zogby, James J. B. 1945, Utica, New York. Lebanese-American academic, activist. Helped found Palestine Human Rights Campaign and the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee.